New Sheet Rubber and Rubber Tile - Sales & Installations
> Product Review
> Getting Ready to Select
> Installation Preparation
> Follow-up Activities and Initial Maintenance
Wolfe Flooring sells and installs a complete line of commercial and residential goods manufactured by the top brand names in the flooring industry.
We'll make getting a flooring product easy. When you purchase products from Wolfe Flooring, you receive the added benefit of accessibility to technical knowledge, warranty care, routine maintenance and emergency service if calamities strikes for the life of the product.
Please ask us about a FREE home or office presentation.
We can both provide you with the products your looking for and install the choice of your dreams. Alternatively, we can provide the products without the installation service. Or, we can provide the installation service for the products you provide. The most economical choice for most customers is for us to both supply and install your flooring goods. Most often, this is also the path of least complications.
We at Wolfe Flooring commit to following the installation procedures designated by the manufactures. If the product calls for a particular brand of pressure sensitive adhesive and a specific notch trial, then that is what will be used. The durability and cosmetic appeal of your new flooring product is determined by two factors: (1) the manufacturer's production of quality goods and (2) a careful and diligent installation. We can get you the quality goods and give you the quality installation. We plan to make you happy!
Getting Ready to Select
It may have been a good five to ten years since the last time you selected a new flooring product. Infrequency makes it difficult to stay up with design trends, brand names, pricing and the myriad of other details that constitute a good choice. Please let us help. Below is a check list that simplifies the process.
Sketch a rough diagram of the floor plan. Your diagram should included the following:
- the names of the areas (e.g., Kitchen)
- the approximate measurements
- the type of flooring currently on the floor
- the type of subfloor if known (e.g., wood, concrete, terrazzo)
- the location of thresholds indicated by dotted lines
- the volume of use and type of use (e.g., rarely used/laundry)
- the quality of the lighting: low, medium, high
Calculate the approximate square footage of each area by multiplying the length by the width. Add 10% for overage by mutiplying your total square feet by 1.10. For example, assume your room is 14 feet wide by 18 feet long.
Actual Square Footage 14' x 18' = 252 sf.
Adjusted Square Footage 252 sf. x 1.10 = 277.2 sf.
Decide how many years you want the new flooring to last. (For example, you may want to remodel in five years in order to put your home on the market.)
Gather color keys and samples of your primary colors in each area (e.g., wallpaper, drapes, paint, fabrics) or take pictures of the areas to help in the color selection.
Identify your decorating style.
Calculate your budget. And, see Pricing and Payments Policies under About Us to learn what payment options are available.
Review your calendar to select a time for the work. Generally, you should anticipate times during the work week. Also, be sure to ask how long the project will take.
Consider what moldings you want around the edges and/or at the thresholds.
Check out our comparison chart of the different flooring products (e.g., carpet, wood, tile, etc.)
Check out our decorating ideas for ideas about styles, colors, patterns, textures, and functions.
Selecting Your Product - Product Review
Rubber flooring is loosely divided between (1) rubber from virgin, raw, or unvulcanized rubber and (2) rubber from recycled, devulcanized rubber.
Rubber flooring is manufactured from both natural rubber and from synthetic rubber. The natural rubber is formulated from the natural latex secretion collected from rubber trees. Whether natural latex or synthetic latex, the latex is greatly heated and mixed with additives to create durable rubber of particular shapes (e.g., tires, gaskets, etc.) called vulcanized rubber.
Rubber from Virgin Materials:
Much of the homogeneous rubber flooring is manufactured from synthetic rubber. The virgin rubber flooring is capable of a wide array of through-body colors with very smooth texture and near imperious density. Virgin rubber flooring, whether in a roll or in a tile format, are commonly thinner, as a thickness or gauge of 0.08" (2 mm) to 1/8" (3.2 mm) thickness.
Rubber from Recycled Rubber:
The recycled rubber is of great help to the environment by the minimizing of waste. Once rubber has been vulcanized, the rubber does not quickly decompose. Old rubber, such as rubber tires, is repurposed. The old tires are purified of their metals, diced, and ground into small crumbs. The reclaimed, ground rubber is reprocessed to mill rolls of composite rubber flooring. Recycled rubber flooring, also called chip-color rubber, speckled rubber, or fleck rubber, is available in black as standard. The addition of other colors increases the price. Recycled rubber flooring, whether in a roll or in a tile format, are commonly thicker, as a thickness or gauge of 1/4" (6.4 mm) to more than 1" (25.4 mm) thickness.
Formats and Variations
Formats: The rubber is available in the form of rolls or tiles. Some tiles are cut by the manufacturer with interlocking edges and are referred to as puzzle tiles. The benefit of the puzzle-tile format is that tiles are floating and can be replaced or reconfigured at a later date.
Colors: Colors are available as solid, speckled, marbleized, or oil-and-water effect. As explained above, the colors desired may influence if a virgin or recycled product is required.
Texture: Appearance is further altered by a wide variety of surface textures: smooth, geometric, floral, hammered, diamond grid, brushed, linear, abstract, etc. Most of the varied textures are available as virgin rubber.
Why Rubber? Rubber is
- very durable,
- color normally passes completely through the rubber,
- reversible (in some cases),
- requires little maintenance,
- increases insulation or thermal regulation,
- absorbs both impact and sound,
- tile formats are easily replaced,
- possesses natural slip resistance, and
- cost-effective over the product's life cycle.
Applications for Rubber:
We commonly receive calls for rubber for both commercial and residential gyms, fitness centers, rehabilitation centers, and skating arenas. Applications include
- Wall Base,
- Exterior Playgrounds (with tiles thicker than 1 inch),
- General Interior Floor Applications:
- Work Stations, Weight Rooms, Gymnasiums, Locker Rooms and more.
The following preparations should be made before your flooring product is installed. Some of these preparations may be unrealistic given your circumstances and may not have an affect on the success of the installation. However, we've included these manufacturer and regulatory agency recommendations in hope of the optimal installation and for disclosure reasons. Manufacturers may vary slightly. The manufacturer of the product you select is the final authority for their product.
A layout should be agreed on. Seam placement can be adjusted to suit the customer's desire. Generally, seams should be positioned in low traffic areas without cross lighting.
Doors may have to be adjusted or cut at the bottom (i.e., planed) after your flooring is installed. Determinations as to whether such alterations are needed may not be possible prior to the installation. Door adjustments are priced separately. This is highly unlikely for sheet rubber or rubber tile installations.
Moldings are located at thresholds and around the room's perimeter. The molding may have to be removed, replaced, or added. A broad variety of moldings are available for all flooring products. Molding are made of wood, vinyl, rubber, metal, carpet, stone, and ceramic. Some moldings are designed to draw attention; while, others are designed to blend in with the primary flooring products. Moldings are priced separately.
If you have a wood subfloor, verify that a wood subfloor has at least 18" of air above the ground. The ground in the crawl space should be covered with a vapor barrier 4 mils (0.1 mm) thick or greater.
If you have a concrete subfloor and it is new construction, the concrete needs to cure for 45-120 days before installing the flooring (90 day average).
If you have a concrete subfloor, the subfloor's moisture content should be tested. Many testing methods are available, but the calcium chloride test is the most authoritative. A concrete subfloor's moisture emission should not exceed 3 lbs. per 1,000 square feet in 24 hours to be suitable for sheet rubber or rubber tile. Moisture can deteriorate adhesives and also gender bacteria, odor, mildew, mold, rot, and water stains. Moisture in the subfloor may be the result of new concrete or ground water moisture from the outside. Testing of the subfloor should be done early in order to plan accordingly. This test is usually just a matter of formality, except in the case of new construction or below-grade subfloors.
Wolfe Flooring can perform this test.
If you have a concrete subfloor, the subfloor's pH level should be tested. (This test in not needed for wood subfloors.) As concrete cures, the hydrating moisture deposits alkali salt on the concrete's surface. The pH reading should be between 5 to 10 to be suitable for sheet rubber or rubber tile. Alkali can deteriorate adhesives. Testing of the subfloor should be done early in order to deal with any problem that you may possibly detect. This test is usually just a matter of formality, except in the case of new construction or below-grade subfloors.
Wolfe Flooring can perform this test.
The porosity of the subfloor (wood, concrete, etc.) should be tested. This indicates how well the adhesive will bond with the subfloor. Testing of the subfloor should be done early in order to deal with any problem that you may possibly detect. This test is usually just a matter of formality.
Wolfe Flooring can perform this test.
Customers will need to verify that the relative humidity of the building is between 30% to 70%. High humidity may cause your new rubber to expand and may also hinder the adhesive's curing time. Most customers have the proper relative humidity.
Wolfe Flooring can perform this test.
Please condition the room to between 65° and 100° F (suggested 75°) for 48 hours before the installation. The slab temperature should not be below 50° F on the day of installation. If you have a radiant-heated floor system, please set the floor to 70° for 24 hours before the installation.
After the temperature has been properly set, acclimatize the new sheet rubber or rubber tile to the room 48 hours prior to the installation. Alternatively, we can acclimatize the product in our warehouse.
Please, pick up all personal items from the floor, and secure all delicate breakables (e.g., dining pieces and figurines in a China cabinet) prior to our arrival.
Please, disassemble complicated electrical equipment like computers prior to our arrival.
If the building is new construction, the building should be presented broom swept and free of all equipment, etc.
The furniture must be carefully removed and put back in place. About half of our customers choose to handle their own furniture; therefore, furniture handling is priced separately. If you elect to handle the furniture, please remove the furniture prior to our arrival. Some manufactures recommend that furniture not be returned onto the new flooring for a period of time. See directions below under "Follow-up Activities and Initial Maintenance."
Fixtures (e.g., toilets), doors, appliances, and other items may have to be removed and reattached. This service is priced separately.
The old flooring must be removed and disposed of in accordance with local ordinances. We provide this service for most of our customers, but occasionally customers elect to do this themselves. Therefore, take up and disposal are priced separately. (Sometimes, new sheet rubber or rubber tile can be installed over existing products like vinyl, V.C.T., etc.)
When the products arrive at your site, please verify the products are the correct color, style, and quantity you ordered. The earlier the detection the better. Flooring products that are installed create more warranty complications than products still on the truck.
Once we begin your installation, the work area should be restricted from all foot traffic. Unfinished thresholds, flooring products and tools can pose TRIP HAZARDS. PLEASE BE CAREFUL. Please restrict the work area during the entire project.
Please secure your small children and pets from following us out of your home while the exterior doors are open.
The subfloor must be in suitable condition. Your subfloor may or may not require floor prep. The amount of preparation varies depending on: the type of subfloor, the subfloor's condition, the manufacturer's specifications, and the installation method you select. Subfloor preparation is priced separately. The stability and precision of the subfloor will have a bearing on the long-term success of your new flooring. Sheet rubber or rubber tile requires a very smooth floor. Sheet rubber or rubber tile will conform to minor irregularities and will eventually show by what is called telegraphing. Perimeter-glue installations require less floor prep than full-spread installations. BE ASSURED THAT FLOOR PREP IS USUALLY ONLY A NOMINAL EXPENSE.
Here are some of the common preparations made on the different floor types: concrete, terrazzo, wood, or metal.
Plywood joints should be level within 1/32".
Reinforce subfloor to stiffen and smooth the surface with backerboard, Wonderboard®, wood underlayment, lauan plywood panels (Type 1, exterior, OVL grade, solid core mahogany), or plywood.
Treat for urine contamination.
Abrade glazed surfaces.
Seal off moisture with impervious 6 mil (0.15 mm) polyethylene film, 15 lb asphalt felt, red rosin paper, or another moisture retardant.
Replace weak boards and secure loose boards.
Seal with primer.
Mopping with a mix of muriatic acid with water (1:10) or a mix of white vinegar with water (1:1) and rinse to neutralize alkalinity on concrete.
Grind away concrete curing agents, parting agents, or surface hardeners.
Grind down high spots.
Chip away wall plaster, etc.
Fill holes and cracks up to ¼" thickness with patch and/or leveling compounds.
Fill in and level depressions up to ¼" deep with patch and/or leveling compounds.
Fill embossed floors with an embossing leveling compound.
Nail down protruding nails.
Remove old adhesive completely.
Remove paint, varnish, wax, pigmented material, solvents, grease, oil, etc. completely.
Sand away rust of metal substrates.
Follow-up Activities and Initial Maintenance
Process the billing and get a hand written or published warranty. Retain the sales receipt and any product description from the purchase of the goods. If possible, document the manufacturer's name and the manufacturer's full product description including color. Furthermore, retain a sample of the sheet rubber or rubber tile for comparisons. For insurance purposes, it's good to have a picture of your new product in a safe place.
Retain extra rubber for possible repairs that may be needed in the future. Keep the materials in a dry place that stays about room temperature. Do not put this in the attic. Extreme heat can damage the backing and cause discoloration. Do not allow the vinyl to be crushed while rolled up or folded. Roll the vinyl in an even roll or lay it flat. It is especially good if you can roll the remnant around a core for support.
Wolfe Flooring picks up all flooring product scraps. The customer will need to sweep the rubber. Seams should not be swept for 24 hours after the installation.
Do not return the furniture or expose the sheet rubber to heavy foot traffic for 24 hours after the installation. The adhesive needs time to cure.
Do not step directly on seams for 24 hours after the rubber installation.
Maintain the same temperature for 48 hours after your installation. Never allow the subfloor's temperature to fall below 55° or exceed 90° F during the life of your sheet rubber or rubber tile. If you have a radiant-heated floor system, please leave the floor set to 70° for 48 hours after the installation.
Ventilate the areas during the installation and for 24 to 48 hours after the installation to dissipate the new product smell. Enhance the ventilation by switching your air conditioner to fresh air, not recirculated air.
Do not wet clean the sheet rubber or rubber tile for 3 days after the installation. Moisture will affect the adhesive and could lead to significant long-term problems.Read: How to Maintain Rubber Read: Rubber Spot Cleaning Guidelines Read: How to Protect Flooring