resilient flooring

Resilient flooring is a class of flooring products which, in contrast to soft surface flooring and hard surface flooring, is composed of non-textile materials that are characterized by their "resilient" or elastic properties.

Resilient flooring includes

  • cork
  • linoleum sheet flooring
  • rubber tile
  • sheet rubber
  • solid molded vinyl
  • vinyl composition tile (VCT)
    • vinyl enhanced tile (VET)
    • solid vinyl tile (SVT)
    • static dissipative tile (SDT)
  • sheet vinyl
  • luxury vinyl flooring (LVF)
    • luxury vinyl tile (LVT)
    • luxury vinyl plank (LVP)

The Resilient Floor Covering Institute (RFCI) defines resilient flooring:  "The resilient floor covering classification by common usage includes, but is not limited to asphalt, cork, linoleum, rubber, vinyl, vinyl composition, and polymeric poured seamless floors.  Resilient in this sense is used as a commonly accepted term, but does not necessarily define a physical property."


Resilient flooring does not stretch like carpet nor is it soft like carpet.  The somewhat flexible quality of resilient flooring makes it less likely crack, shatter, or chip like stone or ceramic tile.  Resilient flooring is less likely to dent by impacts as would be suffered by the hard surface flooring of hardwood and laminate. Resilient flooring is susceptible to permanent dents or dimples if exposed to heavy static or rolling loads.  The ratings are listed as PSI tolerances.

Resilient flooring products are known for their durability.  Some are inexpensive; others reach top market prices.  Generally speaking, resilients can have broad applications in areas exposed to moisture and, in some cases, are completely waterproof.  Furthermore, resilients are commonly quiet under foot.  Some are constructed in layers; others are solid through-body products.


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